It is more accessible today to heat and cool our homes. In history there weren’t a lot of options.
History of Heat
From the day America was born in 1776 to 1885 the only way to keep a home warm was wood. There were wood burning fireplaces made of brick and the cast-iron Franklin Stove, the latter thanks to Benjamin Franklin, who invented this in 1742, that helped burn the wood. After 1885, a new way to keep warm was discovered — coal. Then the transition from wood to coal would begin; eventually coal would win, since it was sold more than wood. To help heat up the coal Dave Lennox invented the riveted-steel coal furnace, the first of its kind. Leaning toward the end of the 1800′s another coal burning furnace would be born when a coal fired boiler would be in the basement of a person’s home to bring hot water and steam to the already-made cast iron radiator. Both of these furnaces would transport heat to the rooms above from the basement below through ducts when heat rises. In 1935 warm air was able to be distributed through the house better with the help of an electric fan. That invention was called the forced air furnace. Years after, America turned to gas and oil to heat their homes instead of coal. That still remains that way today.
History of Cooling Air
The history of cool air happened after electricity was discovered by Benjamin Franklin. Once electricity was discovered, a man named Schulyer Wheeler invented the electric fan. Made in 1886, the electric fan cooled off Americans until after World War II. Until then, in 1902, Willis Carter made the first air conditioner, but that was only for a printing company. The word “air conditioner” wasn’t used until 1906, where Stuart W. Cramer said if first. Carter also made an air conditioner for New Empire Theater, a theater in Montgomery, Alabama in 1917. Soon other businesses would add air conditioning, including a movie theater, a department store, Congress, the White House, railways, buses, and automobiles. Air conditioning was a business thing until the post World War II era. In 1950, Americans got a chance to try out air conditioning when the first residential air conditioner was made for windows. The success was huge, because it sold a million by 1953. Air conditioners and fans are still used today.
At an HVAC training school you will not only learn the basic history of heating and cooling, you will also receive the HVAC training needed to begin your career as an HVAC technician. Learn more today!